Nigeria’s Top 5 Farming States


Nigeria is a country in central Africa with a strong agricultural history. Nigeria’s agriculture industry is a silent giant contributing significantly to its economy and supporting millions of people, although its oil fortune frequently overshadows it. Among Nigeria’s diverse states, five stand out as agricultural powerhouses, driving the nation’s food production and agribusiness. Let’s embark on a journey with Naijassador to explore these top farming states and unravel the secrets behind their agricultural prowess.

1. Kano State

Nestled in the northern region of Nigeria, Kano State emerges as a beacon of agricultural productivity. With vast fertile lands and a favourable climate, Kano has long been a major producer of crops such as wheat, rice, maize, and groundnuts. Thanks to its location along the trans-Saharan trade routes, trade and agriculture have thrived for centuries.

Kano’s agricultural success can be attributed to the innovative practices adopted by local farmers and the supportive government policies to boost the sector. Introducing modern farming techniques, irrigation systems, and improved seed varieties has significantly enhanced productivity. Moreover, initiatives like the Kano Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (KNARDA) have played a pivotal role in providing technical assistance and resources to farmers.

However, despite its agricultural abundance, Kano faces challenges such as inadequate infrastructure, limited access to credit facilities, and recurring conflicts between herders and farmers. Addressing these issues is crucial to fully unleash the agricultural potential of this vibrant state and ensure sustainable growth.

2. Ogun State

In the southwestern part of Nigeria lies Ogun State, often referred to as the “Gateway State” due to its proximity to Lagos, Nigeria’s commercial capital. Ogun State has emerged as a major player in Nigeria’s agriculture sector, leveraging its fertile soil and strategic location for agro-industrial development.

One of the key strengths of Ogun State is its focus on value addition and agro-processing. The state boasts a thriving agro-industrial sector with numerous food processing companies, including flour mills, breweries, and poultry farms. This integration of agriculture with industry has created employment opportunities and contributed to the state’s economic growth.

Moreover, Ogun State has been at the forefront of agricultural innovation, embracing technology to enhance productivity and efficiency. From precision farming techniques to the adoption of greenhouse farming, farmers in Ogun State are continually exploring new ways to optimize yields and minimize environmental impact.

Despite its achievements, Ogun State faces land tenure issues, inadequate infrastructure, and fluctuating market prices. However, with strong leadership and continued investment in agriculture, Ogun State is well-positioned to maintain its status as Nigeria’s agro-industrial hub.

3. Kaduna State

In Nigeria’s north-central region, Kaduna State stands out for its diversified agricultural landscape and resilience in the face of challenges. Blessed with fertile lands, abundant water resources, and a conducive climate, Nigeria is a central African nation with a long history of agriculture. Though it is often eclipsed by its oil wealth, Nigeria’s agriculture sector is a silent giant that supports millions of people and makes a substantial economic contribution to the nation.

The state government has implemented various initiatives to promote the cultivation of non-traditional crops and support agribusiness ventures. From establishing agricultural industrial zones to providing incentives for agro-processing companies, Kaduna State is actively fostering a conducive environment for agricultural growth and investment.

Furthermore, Kaduna State has prioritized agricultural extension services and farmer education programs to empower rural communities and enhance productivity. The state hopes to give farmers the tools to reduce risks and adjust to shifting market conditions by giving them access to information, training, and technical help.

Despite progress, Kaduna State faces challenges such as inadequate storage facilities, post-harvest losses, and limited market access. However, with its strategic focus on diversification and resilience, Kaduna State remains a key player in Nigeria’s agricultural landscape.

4. Oyo State

Known as the “Pacesetter State,” Oyo State in southwestern Nigeria boasts a rich agricultural heritage dating back to ancient times. From the legendary Oyo Empire to modern-day farming practices, agriculture has been integral to the identity and economy of Oyo State.

Today, Oyo State continues to uphold its agricultural legacy, with a diverse range of crops cultivated across its vast expanse of arable land. From staple crops like cassava, yam, and cocoa to cash crops such as cashew and oil palm, Oyo State remains a major contributor to Nigeria’s food security and export earnings.

One of the key strengths of Oyo State’s agriculture sector is its strong emphasis on research and innovation. Renowned agricultural research organizations like the National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT) and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) are in the state. They are essential to developing better crop types and environmentally friendly farming methods.

Additionally, Oyo State has prioritized agricultural mechanization and rural infrastructure development to enhance productivity and market access for farmers. The state government is working to modernize the agricultural sector and attract private investment through initiatives like the Oyo State Agricultural Transformation Agenda.

Despite its achievements, Oyo State faces challenges like land fragmentation, youth migration to urban areas, and climate change impacts. However, with its rich agricultural heritage and commitment to innovation, Oyo State is well-positioned to navigate these challenges and sustain its agricultural legacy.

5. Delta State

Delta State, in Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta, might not be the first place that springs to mind when considering agriculture. However, beneath the veneer of oil wealth lies a state blessed with fertile soils, abundant water resources, and a conducive climate for agriculture.

Delta State has a diverse agricultural landscape, ranging from the cultivation of oil palm and rubber in the low-lying coastal areas to the production of cassava, rice, and vegetables in the upland regions. The state’s proximity to the coast also provides aquaculture and fisheries development opportunities, further diversifying its agricultural portfolio.

Despite its agricultural potential, Delta State faces challenges such as land degradation, pollution from oil activities, and inadequate infrastructure. Nonetheless, the state administration is acting proactively to resolve these problems and realize the area’s agricultural potential.

Through initiatives like the Delta State Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (DESARDA) and the Delta State Commercial Agriculture Credit Scheme, the government invests in infrastructure, supports smallholder farmers, and promotes agribusiness ventures. Additionally, Delta State is exploring opportunities for public-private partnerships to drive agricultural growth and attract investment to the sector.


In conclusion, Nigeria’s agricultural landscape is as diverse as its cultural heritage, with each state contributing uniquely to its food security and economic development. The top five farming states highlighted in this article – Kano, Ogun, Kaduna, Oyo, and Delta – are shining examples of agricultural excellence, innovation, and resilience. Despite various challenges, these states continue to harness their agricultural potential and drive sustainable growth in Nigeria’s agriculture sector. As the nation looks towards the future, it is essential to build upon the successes of these agricultural powerhouses and work collaboratively to address them.

Written by Adefala Mayowa.


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