When it comes to speed, the animal kingdom is full of remarkable creatures that can outpace even the most agile humans. From land to air and sea, these animals have evolved specialised adaptations that enable them to move at astonishing speeds. In this article from Naijassador, we will explore the top 10 fastest animals on Earth.

1, Cheetah:

Cheetahs are amazing creatures known for their incredible acceleration and top speed, the cheetah holds the title of being the fastest land animal. With bursts of speed reaching up to 70 miles per hour (112 kilometres per hour), this majestic big cat can go from 0 to 60 mph (97 kph) in just a few seconds.

They have a slender body, long legs, and a distinctive spotted coat that helps them blend into their surroundings. Cheetahs are found in various parts of Africa, including some areas in Nigeria. They have incredible agility and use their sharp claws and teeth to catch and kill their prey. Did you know that cheetahs can accelerate faster than most sports cars? They’re truly fascinating animals.

2, Peregrine Falcon:

Soaring through the skies at incredible speeds, the peregrine falcon is considered the fastest bird in the world. It can reach speeds of over 240 miles per hour (386 kilometres per hour) during its hunting stoop, making it a true marvel of avian agility.

The peregrine falcon is such an amazing bird. Did you know that it’s the fastest animal in the world? It can reach speeds of over 240 miles per hour when it’s diving to catch its prey.

They have incredible eyesight too, which helps them spot their prey from really far away. Peregrine falcons are found all over the world and they’re known for their beautiful coloration. They have a bluish-grey back and wings, with a white chest and belly. They’re truly fascinating creatures.

3, Sailfish:

Found in both the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, sailfish are known for their impressive swimming abilities. Capable of reaching speeds up to 68 miles per hour (110 per hour), these fish use their long bills and slender bodies to slice through water with ease.

The sailfish is such a cool fish. It’s the fastest fish in the ocean, just like the peregrine falcon is the fastest bird in the sky. They have a long, slender body with a distinctive sail-like dorsal fin, hence their name.

It is also known for its incredible hunting technique. When they find a school of fish, they use their sail-like fin to create a sail that helps corral the fish and make them easier to catch. It’s like they’re using a fishing net made of their own body. Isn’t that amazing?

4, Pronghorn Antelope:

Native to North America, pronghorn antelopes are built for speed. They can sprint at speeds up to 55 miles per hour (88 kilometres per hour) and sustain a swift pace for long distances, making them one of the fastest land mammals on the continent.

5, Blue Wildebeest:               

Blue wildebeest! They are magnificent animals found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa blue wildebeests, also known as brindled gnus, are known for their striking appearance. They have a bluish-grey coat with dark stripes and a large, muscular build. These herbivores migrate in large herds, which can be quite a spectacle to witness!

Found in various parts of Africa, blue wildebeests are known for their epic migratory journeys. When threatened by predators such as lions or cheetahs, these ungulates can reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour (80 kilometres per hour) to escape danger.

6, Marlin:

Marlin are truly remarkable creatures. Marlin is a type of fish known for its speed and strength. They are considered one of the fastest fish in the ocean.

Marlins have a long, slender body and a sharp bill. They are famous for their acrobatic leaps out of the water, which is quite a sight to behold. They are known for their incredible stamina and can swim long distances without tiring.

Marlins are often found in warmer waters, such as the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. They are highly sought after by anglers due to their size and fighting abilities.

As one of the fastest fish in the ocean, marlins are built for speed and agility. With their elongated bodies and sharp bills, they can swim at speeds up to 50 miles per hour (80 kilometres per hour), allowing them to chase down prey with ease.

6, African Elephant:

African elephants are incredible creatures. They are the largest land animals on Earth and can weigh up to 12,000 pounds. These gentle giants have amazing long trunks that they use for many things, like drinking water, grabbing food, and even communicating with each other through vibrations.

Elephants are highly intelligent and have excellent memories. They live in close-knit family groups called herds and have strong social bonds. It’s fascinating to learn about their behaviours and the way they interact with each other. Elephants are truly majestic.

While not typically associated with speed, African elephants can surprise you with their agility. These gentle giants can reach speeds up to 40 miles per hour (64 kilometres per hour) when they need to move quickly.

7, Springboks:

Springbok! It’s a beautiful antelope found in southern Africa. Springboks are known for their incredible leaping ability. They can jump up to 13 feet in the air and cover a distance of about 50 feet in a single bound.

They have a unique behaviour called “pronking,” where they jump and kick their legs in the air as a form of communication or to show off their strength and agility. Springboks also have a distinctive coat with a reddish-brown back and white belly, and they have a dark stripe running along each side. They’re truly graceful and captivating animals of the African savannah.

Native to Southwestern Africa, springboks are small antelopes known for their incredible leaping ability. They can cover a distance of up to 13 feet (4 metres) in a single bound and reach speeds of around 60 miles per hour (97 kilometres per hour).

8, Brown Hare:

Brown hares are known for their incredible speed and agility. They have long, powerful legs that allow them to sprint across fields and meadows in no time. It’s really impressive to watch them in action.

These animals are found in various parts of Europe and Asia, brown hares are renowned for their speed and agility. These creatures can run at speeds of up to 45 miles per hour (72 kilometres per hour), enabling them to swiftly evade predators across open landscapes.

9, Anna’s Hummingbird:

Despite being one of the smallest birds in the world, Anna’s hummingbird is an exceptional flyer. It can reach speeds of up to 30 miles per hour (48 kilometres per hour) during its courtship dives, showcasing its impressive aerial prowess.


These animals demonstrate the incredible diversity and adaptability of nature. Their exceptional speed allows them to survive and thrive in their respective environments. Whether it’s on land, in the air, or underwater, these creatures have honed their abilities to move with extraordinary swiftness.

Next time you find yourself marvelling at human achievements in speed, remember that there are countless animals out there who can outpace us effortlessly. The animal kingdom never ceases to amaze with its awe-inspiring feats of athleticism!

Written by Nwachukwu Alaoma


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