Top 10 Muslim-majority Countries by Population in The World


In a world with many different cultures and religions, it’s important to look at how people who follow Islam are spread out in different places. 

According to Pew Research in 2015, here’s a list of the top 10 countries with the most Muslims. 

Let’s take a closer look at what makes each country special regarding its culture and traditions.

1. Indonesia – 219.96 million

Indonesia takes the lead as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Its archipelagic beauty is matched only by the rich cultures and traditions that coexist within its borders.

From the lively bustle of Jakarta to the serene landscapes of Bali, Indonesia stands as a testament to the harmonious coexistence of diverse communities.

2. India – 194.81 million

India, with its kaleidoscopic array of languages, religions, and traditions, is home to a significant Muslim population. 

The history of Islam in India is intertwined with the country’s rich past, creating a unique fusion of cultures, notably exemplified in architectural marvels like the Taj Mahal.

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3. Pakistan – 184.00 million

Nestled between India and Afghanistan, Pakistan boasts a diverse landscape that ranges from the towering peaks of the Himalayas to the vast plains of the Indus River. 

The country’s cultural heritage is deeply rooted in Islamic traditions, with cities like Lahore showcasing a blend of ancient and modern influences.

4. Bangladesh – 144.02 million

Bangladesh, with its lush green landscapes and the delta of the Ganges-Brahmaputra, is a country steeped in history. Dhaka, the capital, reflects a dynamic blend of Islamic architecture and the resilience of people who have faced challenges with grace.

5. Nigeria – 90.02 million

Nigeria, often celebrated for its cultural diversity, is home to a substantial Muslim population. The northern regions, in particular, are known for their Islamic heritage, and cities like Kano showcase the grandeur of ancient Islamic kingdoms.

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6. Egypt – 83.87 million

With its millennia-old civilization, Egypt has been a center of Islamic scholarship and culture. Cairo, the bustling capital, is adorned with mosques and historic landmarks that tell the story of Islam’s significant role in shaping the nation.

7. Iran – 77.65 million

Iran’s rich history, dating back to ancient Persia, is home to a predominantly Shia Muslim population. The country’s cultural contributions to literature, art, and science are intertwined with its Islamic identity, making it a unique blend of tradition and progress.

8. Turkey – 75.46 million

Turkey, straddling two continents, is a bridge between East and West. With its mosques and historic sites, Istanbul reflects the country’s Islamic heritage. Turkey’s diverse landscapes and cultural nuances highlight the synthesis of tradition and modernity.

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9. Algeria – 37.21 million

With its Saharan landscapes and Mediterranean coast, Algeria boasts a rich Islamic heritage. Cities like Algiers are a testament to the country’s struggle for independence and the resilience of its people.

10. Iraq – 36.20 million

Iraq, known as the cradle of civilization, has a diverse religious and ethnic landscape. Despite challenges, the country has a rich Islamic heritage, with cities like Baghdad having played a pivotal role in Islamic history.


As we think about the different countries with mostly Muslim people mentioned above, it’s clear that each country adds a special part to the bigger story of Islamic culture and history. 

The beauty comes from the mix of traditions, histories, and topography that influence these countries, creating a diverse and ever-changing picture over time.


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