The 5 Africa’s Lowest Monthly Minimum Wages


Economic indicators such as minimum wages offer a revealing glimpse into a country’s living standards and financial health. 

Minimum wage policies are crucial as they set the legal baseline for compensation and significantly influence economic stability and quality of life. 

In Africa, a continent marked by vast economic disparities, some countries have established remarkably low minimum wages, highlighting broader socio-economic challenges. 

This article explores the conditions and consequences of having the lowest minimum wages in five African countries.

1. Sudan ($5)

In Sudan, a monthly minimum wage of just $5 underscores the nation’s profound economic challenges, exacerbated by recent political turmoil and severe inflation. 

This minuscule wage paints a grim picture of daily life, where even basic necessities such as food and housing become barely affordable. 

For many Sudanese, the struggle to meet everyday expenses is relentless, pushing families into a hard-to-break cycle of poverty.

2. Burundi ($17)

With a minimum wage of $17, Burundi stands among the world’s poorest nations. The country’s economic situation remains precarious, with agriculture dominating the labor market and providing little financial security to its workers. 

This low wage not only affects workers’ ability to sustain themselves but also drives significant numbers into economic migration, seeking better opportunities in neighboring countries, which further strains Burundi’s labor market and economic stability.

3. Nigeria ($20)

Nigeria’s economy presents a complex paradox. Despite being rich in oil and other natural resources, the nation grapples with widespread poverty, and a $20 minimum wage does little to alleviate its citizens’ financial hardship. 

In urban areas, the cost of living can eclipse what the minimum wage provides, leading to urban poverty, while in rural areas, wages fail to match the rising costs of farming inputs. The debate on increasing the minimum wage is fraught with tension between government assurances and public skepticism.

4. The Gambia ($23)

In The Gambia, the minimum wage reflects its gradual economic reforms and the hope for political stability. 

With a burgeoning tourism industry, the service sector employs a large portion of the workforce. However, at $23, the minimum wage is insufficient for service workers to live comfortably, affecting their quality of life and limiting consumer spending, which is vital for economic growth.

5. Eritrea ($24)

Eritrea, with a closed economy and limited publicly available economic data, offers a unique case. 

The minimum wage of $24 provides little insight into the broader economic policies that govern the lives of Eritreans. 

Strict governmental controls and limited international engagement mean that the wage does not reflect the economic isolation residents face, nor does it address the challenges of accessing basic services and the global marketplace.


The plight of these five African countries, with their low minimum wages, illuminates the broader challenges of setting wage policies in struggling economies.

It underscores the necessity of not only raising wage floors but also enhancing economic policies to foster growth and stability. 

Each country’s unique circumstances dictate the complex interplay between wage rates and economic health.


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