Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Progress In Nigeria


Sustainable development is a global imperative aimed at ensuring the well-being of present and future generations while preserving the planet’s resources. The United Nations (UN) introduced the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, consisting of 17 interlinked goals addressing various social, economic, and environmental challenges. Nigeria, as Africa’s most populous nation and one of its largest economies, plays a crucial role in achieving these goals on the continent. This article at Naijassador explores the progress, challenges, and prospects of implementation of SDGs in Nigeria.

1. Overview of Sustainable Development Goals

The SDGs encompass a broad spectrum of objectives, including eradicating poverty, promoting gender equality, ensuring quality education, and combating climate change. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved by 2030, providing a framework for governments, organizations, and communities worldwide to work towards sustainable development.

2. Nigeria’s Commitment to the SDGs

Nigeria has demonstrated its commitment to the SDGs by integrating them into its national development plans. The country’s Vision 20:2020 and the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP) align with the SDGs, emphasizing poverty reduction, economic diversification, and inclusive growth. Additionally, Nigeria established the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on SDGs (OSSAP-SDGs) to coordinate SDG implementation efforts across sectors and levels of government.

3. Progress on Key SDGs in Nigeria

3.1 Poverty Eradication (SDG 1)

Despite economic growth, Nigeria continues to grapple with high levels of poverty. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) reported that over 40% of Nigerians lived below the poverty line in 2020. Efforts to tackle poverty include social intervention programs like the National Social Investment Program (NSIP) and the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) scheme. However, challenges such as Corruption, inadequate infrastructure, and unemployment hinder progress in this area.

3.2 Quality Education (SDG 4)

Access to quality education remains a challenge in Nigeria, particularly in rural areas and among marginalized groups. The government has implemented initiatives like the Universal Basic Education (UBE) program and the Safe School Initiative to improve educational outcomes. However, issues such as inadequate funding, teacher shortages, and security threats impede progress toward achieving universal education.

3.3 Gender Equality (SDG 5)

Nigeria has made strides in promoting gender equality, but significant disparities persist. Women and girls face barriers to education, employment, and political participation. The National Gender Policy and the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act are legislative measures aimed at addressing gender-based discrimination and violence. However, cultural norms, patriarchal attitudes, and weak enforcement mechanisms continue to undermine gender equality efforts.

3.4 Health and Well-being (SDG 3)

Healthcare infrastructure and services in Nigeria are inadequate, resulting in poor health outcomes for many citizens. The country faces challenges such as high maternal and child mortality rates, insufficient access to healthcare facilities, and disease outbreaks like malaria and COVID-19. The government has launched initiatives like the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) and the Primary Healthcare Revitalization Program to improve healthcare access and outcomes. However, persistent issues such as underfunding, brain drain of health professionals, and weak healthcare systems hinder progress in achieving SDG 3.

3.5 Climate Action (SDG 13)

Nigeria is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including extreme weather events, desertification, and sea-level rise. The government has taken steps to address climate change through policies and initiatives such as the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, the National Adaptation Strategy and Plan of Action on Climate Change, and the Renewable Energy Master Plan. However, challenges such as inadequate funding, lack of awareness, and dependence on fossil fuels pose obstacles to achieving SDG 13 targets.

4. Challenges and Constraints

Despite progress in certain areas, Nigeria faces numerous challenges in achieving the SDGs. These include:

  • Corruption and mismanagement of resources
  • Inadequate infrastructure and essential services
  • Weak institutional capacity and governance
  • Socioeconomic inequalities and disparities
  • Security threats and conflict
  • Environmental degradation and pollution

Addressing these challenges requires concerted efforts from the government, civil society, the private sector, and international partners.

5. Opportunities and Recommendations

Despite the challenges, Nigeria has opportunities to accelerate progress towards the SDGs:

Enhance domestic resource mobilization and improve fiscal management.

Strengthen governance and institutional frameworks to enhance accountability and transparency.

Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth through diversification and investment in critical sectors such as agriculture, healthcare, and renewable energy.

Invest in human capital development, including education, healthcare, and skills training.

Strengthen partnerships with stakeholders, including the private sector, civil society, and development partners, to leverage resources and expertise for SDG implementation.


Nigeria’s progress towards the SDGs is a complex and multifaceted endeavour that requires sustained political will, effective governance, and collaborative efforts across sectors and stakeholders. While significant challenges remain, there are opportunities to accelerate progress and achieve sustainable development for all Nigerians by 2030. Through targeted interventions, strategic investments, and inclusive policies, Nigeria can overcome obstacles and realize the vision of a prosperous, inclusive, and sustainable future for its citizens.

Written by Adefala Mayowa


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here