About Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah: A Naijassador


Few figures embody the spirit of resilience and dedication to healthcare like Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah, a pioneering Nigerian surgeon and public health leader whose legacy continues to inspire generations of medical professionals. Dr. Uyanwah’s life was a testament to breaking barriers and forging her path in a male-dominated field.

Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah’s story is one of unwavering courage and unwavering dedication to healthcare, especially during the tumultuous years of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970). As Chief Medical Officer of Biafra, she became a symbol of resilience and hope in the face of immense hardship and conflict.

Dr. Uyanwah’s impact went beyond clinical care. She became a beacon of hope and resilience for the people of Biafra. Her unwavering commitment and dedication to her patients, even under immense pressure, served as a source of strength and inspiration during a dark period.

In this article compiled by Naijassador, we will dive into the life and career of a selfless healthcare provider, Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah.

Early Life

Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah was born on March 28, 1938 in Enugu State, Nigeria. Her parents were Patrick Uyanwah and Martha Nnonye Uyanwah. She was the only child of her parents to survive.


Uyanwah had her early education in Nigeria before going on to study at the University of Aberdeen where she obtained a degree in medicine. Uyanwah graduated from the University in 1964 before returning to Nigeria. She gained her doctorate (MD) at the University of Manchester under Prof FA Langley. Despite losing her siblings to childhood illnesses, Dr. Uyanwah displayed a relentless pursuit of knowledge. She excelled in her studies and 1961, became one of the first Nigerian women to graduate from medical school in Ireland. This achievement paved the way for countless others who followed in her footsteps.


Dr Uyanwah came back to Nigeria and Biafra to help her people. She subsequently became the Chief Medical Officer for the people of Biafra.

Dr. Uyanwah’s unwavering commitment to serving her community was tested during the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970). She served as Chief Medical Officer in Biafra, a region ravaged by conflict and facing immense medical challenges. Despite limited resources and immense pressure, Dr. Uyanwah led a team of healthcare workers in providing critical medical care to soldiers and civilians alike. Her wartime experiences instilled in her a deep empathy for the suffering and a fierce determination to improve healthcare access for all.

Thrust into the role of Chief Medical Officer at the war’s outset, Dr. Uyanwah faced daunting challenges. Biafra, with limited resources and infrastructure, struggled to provide healthcare for its burgeoning population, including soldiers and civilians alike. Shortages of medical supplies, inadequate facilities, and a constant threat of attack demanded an extraordinary leader.

Dr. Uyanwah rose to the occasion with remarkable leadership and resourcefulness. She established makeshift hospitals and clinics, often in remote locations, and mobilized a network of healthcare workers, both professionals and volunteers. With limited supplies, she improvised, utilizing local resources and adapting medical techniques to meet the urgent needs of the war-torn population.

Her dedication to innovation extended beyond resource management. Dr. Uyanwah implemented new surgical techniques, adapted existing procedures with limited equipment, and trained healthcare workers in emergency medicine and trauma care. Her leadership and expertise saved countless lives and mitigated the suffering caused by the war.

Following the war, Dr. Uyanwah’s career flourished. She became a renowned surgeon specializing in obstetrics and gynecology, establishing herself as a leading expert in cervical cancer prevention and treatment. Her dedication to research led to the development of innovative surgical techniques and improved healthcare protocols for women in Nigeria and beyond.

Beyond clinical practice, Dr. Uyanwah served as a mentor and advocate for healthcare education. She actively participated in international health initiatives and served as a consultant to the World Health Organization (WHO) on cervical cancer prevention. Her passion for teaching and mentorship inspired countless medical students and healthcare professionals, particularly women, to pursue careers in medicine.

Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah’s contributions during the war

Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah’s contributions to healthcare extended far beyond Biafra, though her service during the Nigerian Civil War stands as a testament to her courage, dedication, and unwavering commitment to her people.

Chief Medical Officer: During the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970), Dr. Uyanwah served as the Chief Medical Officer for Biafra, a breakaway state in southeastern Nigeria. This role placed her at the forefront of a nation struggling for survival amidst a devastating conflict.

Combating Famine and Disease: Biafra faced immense challenges, including widespread famine and outbreaks of infectious diseases. Dr. Uyanwah played a crucial role in organizing food distribution programs, implementing sanitation measures, and launching vaccination campaigns.

Dr. Uyanwah’s leadership during the war became a symbol of resilience and hope for the Biafran people. Her unwavering commitment to her patients, even in the face of unimaginable hardship, earned her the respect and admiration of her colleagues and the wider community.

Dr. Uyanwah’s contributions extended beyond the battlefield. Her research on cervical cancer, conducted at the University of Aberdeen, was groundbreaking and laid the foundation for further investigations into this critical area.

Championing Women’s Health: Throughout her career, Dr. Uyanwah remained a passionate advocate for women’s health. She campaigned for improved access to healthcare and education for women, particularly in rural areas, and played a key role in raising awareness about cervical cancer prevention.

A Role Model for Aspiring Doctors: Dr. Uyanwah’s legacy continues to inspire generations of medical professionals. Her dedication to her patients, her commitment to research, and her unwavering advocacy for women’s health make her a role model for all who strive to make a difference in the world.

Leaving Nigeria

Dr. Uyanwah and her only child, a son returned to Scotland in 1969 with the use of their Red Cross Passport. In 1977, Dr. Uyanwah published her work, The ABH Isoantigens  in Cervical Malignancy at the University of Aberdeen. She also became a fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and an adviser to the World Health Organization on cervical cancer. Dr. Uyanwah worked at the King Faisal Military Hospital in Saudi Arabia, in Qatar, and before going to work in Muscat Oman.

The Works and Legacy of Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah

In the tapestry of Nigerian healthcare, few threads shine as brightly as Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah’s. Her journey, a testament to unwavering dedication and impactful action, transcends the sterile confines of operating rooms and medical journals. While her published works might not readily appear in online searches, Dr. Uyanwah’s legacy speaks volumes through the lives she touched and the changes she championed.

Pioneering Research: Decoding the Cervical Cancer Puzzle

Dr. Uyanwah’s research in 1977, “The ABH Isoantigens in Cervical Malignancy,” stands as a beacon in the fight against cervical cancer. This groundbreaking work ventured into uncharted territory, exploring the potential link between blood group antigens and the development of this devastating disease. Her findings, published at the University of Aberdeen, laid the foundation for further investigations, paving the way for more targeted prevention and treatment strategies.

Beyond the Lab: A Champion for Women’s Health

Dr. Uyanwah’s impact stretched far beyond the laboratory. Her prestigious fellowship with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists wasn’t just an academic accolade; it was a testament to her unwavering commitment to women’s health. She became a formidable voice in Nigeria, advocating for improved access to healthcare and education, particularly in rural areas where women often faced significant disparities.

A Beacon of Hope in the Fight Against Cervical Cancer

Dr. Uyanwah’s dedication to cervical cancer prevention knew no bounds. She tirelessly collaborated with the World Health Organization and other organizations, spearheading initiatives that raised awareness, educated healthcare professionals, and implemented effective screening programs. Her unwavering efforts saved countless lives, leaving a legacy of hope in the fight against this preventable disease.

A Voice for Change: Beyond the Medical Realm

Dr. Uyanwah’s impact wasn’t confined to the medical field. She understood that true change required a multifaceted approach, extending her reach beyond hospitals and clinics. She actively participated in public health initiatives, policy discussions, and community outreach programs, ensuring that women’s voices were heard and their needs addressed. Her advocacy efforts resonated throughout the nation, leaving an indelible mark on the landscape of women’s health in Nigeria.

While Dr. Uyanwah’s published works might be less readily available online, her impact is undeniable. She was a pioneer, a champion, and a voice for change. Her unwavering commitment to research, healthcare access, and women’s empowerment continues to inspire generations of medical professionals and advocates. Dr. Uyanwah’s story is a testament to the power of dedication, and her legacy serves as a beacon of hope for a healthier future for women, not just in Nigeria, but across the globe.

Personal life

Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah had a very private life and as such it is not known whether she was married in her lifetime. It is however known that she had a son. Dr. Uyanwah son’s identity is also not known.


Dr. Uyanwah passed away on October 23, 2019, at the age of 81 years, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire and motivate. She died in her home on Baker Street in London United Kingdom after suffering a stroke for well over 23 years. She was working and doing her ward rounds while working at Sultan Qaboos Hospital Salalah in Oman before she suffered the stroke. Subsequently, she quit her job and had to be taken back to the United Kingdom. Dr. Uyanwah spent nine months in convalescence at the Royal Devonshire Hospital in the UK before she began her 23 years of Independence while residing at her home on Baker Street.

Her story is a testament to the power of the human spirit, the importance of education and healthcare access, and the impact one person can have on their community and the world. As we celebrate her life and achievements, let us strive to honor her legacy by continuing her mission of providing quality healthcare for all.


Dr. Philomena Obiageliuwa Uyanwah’s life was a tapestry woven with threads of courage, compassion, and unwavering dedication to healthcare. She shattered glass ceilings, challenged gender norms, and left an indelible mark on the medical landscape of Nigeria and beyond. Her legacy continues to inspire generations of medical professionals to strive for excellence, serve their communities with compassion, and advocate for equitable access to healthcare for all.

Dr. Uyanwah’s wartime experiences shaped her career and her legacy. She continued to champion healthcare access for marginalized communities, advocate for improved medical resources, and inspire future generations of medical professionals. Her leadership during the war stands as a testament to the power of compassion, resilience, and innovation in the face of adversity.

Dr. Philomena Uyanwah’s story is a reminder that even in the darkest times, human compassion and dedication can shine through. Her wartime leadership and enduring legacy continue to inspire and motivate healthcare professionals and communities striving for a better world.

Things you should know about Philomena O Uyanwah, a Nigerian medical practitioner

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Written by Sarah Aboje


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