7 Tribes From Southern Nigeria


Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world and it has over 100 tribes scattered across the entire regions of the country. In this article from Naijassador, we would love you our esteemed reader to discover seven tribes from the Southern part of Nigeria. These tribes are blessed with their various cultures and traditions.


The Igbo people are one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria. They have a rich cultural heritage, known for their entrepreneurial spirit, vibrant festivals, and traditional ceremonies. They have a stand of being one of the south-eastern states with “expensive” bride prices. However, some Igbo communities charge less.


The Ibibio people are primarily found in Akwa Ibom State. They have a unique language and cultural practices. Traditional dances, such as the Ekombi dance, are an integral part of their cultural celebrations. They have a rich culture and unique beliefs surrounding the bride price. In Ibibio tradition, the bride price is called “Idu Ufok” or “Ime Ufok.” It is considered an essential part of marriage customs and holds great significance. The Ibibio people believe that the payment of the bride price serves several purposes.


The Efik people are known for their rich history and cultural traditions. They are predominantly found in Cross River State. The Ekpe Masquerade and the Calabar Carnival are notable cultural events that showcase their heritage.


The Annang people are closely related to the Ibibio and Efik ethnic groups. They share similar cultural practices and traditions. The Annang language is spoken by a significant number of people in Akwa Ibom State.


The Ogoni people reside in Rivers State. They have a distinct language and cultural practices.  When it comes to the belief of the Ogoni people on bride price, it is considered an important aspect of their cultural traditions.


The Ikwerre people are mainly found in Rivers State. They have a rich cultural heritage, known for their traditional attire, music, and dances. The Ekpe masquerade is an important cultural symbol for the Ikwerre people.


The Ijaw people are predominantly found in the Niger Delta region. They have a unique language and cultural traditions. Fishing and farming are important economic activities for the Ijaw community.

Each tribe has its distinct customs, languages, and cultural practices that contribute to the rich diversity of Nigeria’s Southeast region. It’s important to note that beliefs, culture, and tradition can vary across different ethnic groups and regions in Nigeria.

Written by Dike Ijeoma


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