10 Nigerian States With Natural Resources


Nigeria, often referred to as the “Giant of Africa,” boasts a diverse range of natural resources that contribute significantly to its economy and development. From oil-rich regions to mineral-rich states, Nigeria’s abundance of natural wealth is distributed across various states, each playing a crucial role in the country’s economic landscape.

This article from Naijassador will explore several Nigerian states with significant natural resources and their contributions to the nation’s prosperity.

1. Akwa Ibom State

Situated in the Niger Delta region, Akwa Ibom State is known for its abundant oil and gas reserves. Nicknamed “The Land of Promise,” Akwa Ibom boasts scenic landscapes ranging from lush rainforests to pristine beaches.

The state capital, Uyo, is a vibrant hub known for its bustling markets and impressive colonial architecture. History buffs can delve into the remnants of the once-powerful Annang people, while nature enthusiasts can explore the captivating Ibom Tropicana Entertainment Complex, a man-made tourist getaway complete with a waterpark and wildlife park.

Akwa Ibom is also a center for oil production, playing a significant role in Nigeria’s economy. Beyond oil, the state is fostering development in agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism industries. With its warm hospitality, cultural richness, and growing business opportunities, Akwa Ibom offers a glimpse into a promising future for Nigeria. Besides oil, Akwa Ibom also boasts rich agricultural resources, including palm oil, cocoa, rubber, and fisheries.

YOU WILL ALSO LIKE:  The Top 10 States With The Worst Infrastructure In Nigeria

2. Rivers State

Rivers State, a bustling hub in southern Nigeria, throbs with energy. Nicknamed the “Treasure Base of the Nation” for its abundant oil reserves, it’s also a cultural melting pot. The capital, Port Harcourt, is a major port city, a vital entry point for trade. Beyond the urban center, lush rainforests and scenic beaches beckon nature lovers. Rivers State pulsates with vibrant festivals like the Calabar Carnival, a kaleidoscope of music, dance, and flamboyant costumes. From its economic significance to its cultural richness, Rivers State offers a glimpse into the heart of a dynamic Nigeria. Additionally, Rivers State is rich in timber, fishery resources, and fertile land for agriculture.

3. Bayelsa State

Located in the heart of the Niger Delta, Bayelsa State is renowned for its vast oil and gas reserves. The state’s economy revolves around petroleum exploration, production, and related industries. Bayelsa also boasts rich mangrove forests, biodiversity, and marine resources, making it a significant area for environmental conservation and sustainable development.

4. Delta State

Delta State is another prominent oil-producing state in Nigeria, with substantial reserves of crude oil and natural gas. The state’s economy is driven by oil and gas activities, including exploration, drilling, and refining. Delta State also has fertile agricultural lands, producing crops such as cassava, yams, rice, and oil palm.

YOU WILL ALSO LIKE:  Nigeria's Top 5 Secure States

5. Lagos State

While not known for traditional natural resources like oil and gas, Lagos State is Nigeria’s commercial capital and a hub for trade, finance, and technology. The state’s strategic location along the coast and its well-developed infrastructure make it a center for commerce, manufacturing, and services. Lagos State also benefits from tourism, with attractions such as beaches, cultural sites, and entertainment venues.

6. Ogun State

Ogun State is rich in mineral resources, including limestone, granite, and clay, which are essential for construction, manufacturing, and infrastructure development. The state is known for its cement factories, quarries, and mining operations. Ogun State also has agricultural resources, producing crops like cassava, maize, and cocoa.

7. Zamfara State

Zamfara State is known for its significant deposits of gold and other minerals, making it a key player in Nigeria’s mining sector. The state’s gold mines attract local and international investors, contributing to job creation and economic growth. Zamfara also has agricultural potential, with crops such as millet, sorghum, and cotton.

8. Kaduna State

Kaduna State is rich in diverse natural resources, including solid minerals like tin, columbite, limestone, and iron ore. The state’s mining sector contributes to industrial development and raw material supply for various industries. Kaduna is also known for its agricultural output, producing crops such as maize, soybeans, ginger, and tobacco.

YOU WILL ALSO LIKE:  Nigeria’s Top 10 Heritage States

9. Cross River State

Cross River State boasts abundant natural resources, including timber, oil palm, cocoa, and rubber. The state’s rainforests are rich in biodiversity, with unique flora and fauna. Cross River State also benefits from tourism, with attractions such as Obudu Mountain Resort, Agbokim Waterfalls, and cultural festivals.

10. Kano State

Kano State is known for its agricultural resources, particularly in the production of grains such as millet, sorghum, maize, and rice. The state’s fertile lands support farming activities and agro-processing industries. Kano is also a center for trade and commerce, with a vibrant market culture and historical significance.


Nigeria’s states with natural resources play a vital role in the country’s economic development and sustainability. From oil-rich regions in the Niger Delta to mineral-rich areas in the north, each state contributes to Nigeria’s overall wealth and prosperity. Harnessing these natural resources responsibly and promoting sustainable practices are essential for ensuring long-term growth, environmental conservation, and equitable distribution of benefits across regions.

Written by Sarah Aboje


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here